Briefing Papers

Cigarette sales halved: heated tobacco products and the Japanese experience

In the ten years following the introduction of heated tobacco products to Japan, sales of cigarettes have fallen by 52% in Japan. This Briefing Paper explores some of the factors that have helped bring about this startling decline alongside the rapid growth of heated tobacco products.

English 1219 Web page
English 146 PDF Document
Arabic 92 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 122 PDF Document
French 81 PDF Document
German 88 PDF Document
Hindi 87 PDF Document
Indonesian 135 PDF Document
Japanese 116 PDF Document
Polish 85 PDF Document
Russian 77 PDF Document
Spanish 202 PDF Document
Swahili 92 PDF Document

Tobacco harm reduction and people experiencing homelessness – a UK perspective

With such high smoking rates among people who experience homelessness or rough sleeping in the UK, this Briefing Paper looks at the potential for tobacco harm reduction to help reduce the health inequalities seen in this vulnerable population.

English 2116 Web page
English 762 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 686 PDF Document
French 769 PDF Document
Portuguese 738 PDF Document
Russian 516 PDF Document
Spanish 686 PDF Document

Tobacco harm reduction consumer advocacy organisations

Tobacco harm reduction consumer advocacy organisations play a vital role in maintaining access to safer nicotine products around the world. Here we explore the development, role and importance of these grassroots groups.

English 2221 Web page
English 649 PDF Document
Arabic 801 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 770 PDF Document
French 911 PDF Document
German 774 PDF Document
Hindi 720 PDF Document
Indonesian 772 PDF Document
Japanese 730 PDF Document
Polish 711 PDF Document
Portuguese 566 PDF Document
Russian 744 PDF Document
Spanish 736 PDF Document
Swahili 613 PDF Document


The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and the Conference of the Parties (COP): an explainer (updated April 2023)

With the Tenth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) taking place in November 2023, here's our updated guide to explain how the meeting works. Scroll down to access this document in multiple languages.

English 2526 Web page
English 1613 PDF Document
Arabic 925 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 940 PDF Document
French 1036 PDF Document
German 1055 PDF Document
Hindi 935 PDF Document
Indonesian 951 PDF Document
Japanese 902 PDF Document
Polish 1081 PDF Document
Portuguese 1025 PDF Document
Russian 1029 PDF Document
Spanish 1399 PDF Document
Swahili 942 PDF Document

What are nicotine pouches?

Nicotine pouches are a relatively new product which can provide users of high-risk tobacco with an alternative that poses fewer risks to their health. Here we provide an introduction to the tobacco harm reduction potential of this category.

English 2424 Web page
English 544 PDF Document
French 204 PDF Document
German 508 PDF Document
Indonesian 440 PDF Document
Polish 508 PDF Document
Portuguese 306 PDF Document
Russian 387 PDF Document
Swahili 225 PDF Document

The Global State of Tobacco Harm Reduction 2022: The Right Side of History

This Briefing Paper summarises The Global State of Tobacco Harm Reduction 2022: The Right Side of History, which charts the history of tobacco harm reduction to date, and considers the future for a strategy that could end smoking.

English 1089 Web page
English 856 PDF Document
Arabic 853 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 845 PDF Document
French 759 PDF Document
German 627 PDF Document
Hindi 581 PDF Document
Indonesian 624 PDF Document
Japanese 772 PDF Document
Polish 628 PDF Document
Portuguese 675 PDF Document
Russian 580 PDF Document
Spanish 626 PDF Document
Swahili 676 PDF Document

What is snus?

Used in Scandinavia for more than 200 years, snus is providing smokers in Sweden and Norway with an alternative to combustible cigarettes, but what is it and why is it considered a safer nicotine product? This Briefing Paper aims to provide the answers.

English 1114 Web page
English 644 PDF Document
Arabic 333 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 547 PDF Document
French 627 PDF Document
German 678 PDF Document
Hindi 161 PDF Document
Indonesian 797 PDF Document
Japanese 250 PDF Document
Polish 720 PDF Document
Portuguese 720 PDF Document
Russian 621 PDF Document

Tobacco harm reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa

With the number of tobacco users across the continent set to rise by 2025, we look at the current state of tobacco harm reduction in the region, assessing the progress made so far and the obstacles preventing greater adoption of safer nicotine products.

English 797 Web page
English 506 PDF Document
Arabic 604 PDF Document
French 563 PDF Document
Swahili 495 PDF Document

The right to health and the right to tobacco harm reduction

Tobacco harm reduction is not only a potentially life-saving public health intervention for the world’s 1.1 billion smokers, it's also supported by international human rights law. Here we make the case for promoting tobacco harm reduction as a health rights issue.

English 1097 Web page
English 640 PDF Document
Arabic 634 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 602 PDF Document
French 817 PDF Document
German 666 PDF Document
Indonesian 556 PDF Document
Japanese 548 PDF Document
Polish 582 PDF Document
Portuguese 556 PDF Document
Russian 526 PDF Document
Spanish 728 PDF Document
Swahili 596 PDF Document

What is Tobacco Harm Reduction?

Tobacco harm reduction is a potentially life-saving intervention for millions of people across the world who use high-risk tobacco products, offering them the chance to switch to a range of safer nicotine products. Here, we provide a detailed introduction to the principles, history and evidence for this vital public health strategy.

English 2223 Web page
English 1030 PDF Document
Arabic 1119 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 1563 PDF Document
French 1115 PDF Document
German 1075 PDF Document
Hindi 906 PDF Document
Indonesian 1022 PDF Document
Japanese 900 PDF Document
Polish 805 PDF Document
Portuguese 906 PDF Document
Russian 965 PDF Document
Spanish 1353 PDF Document
Swahili 1788 PDF Document

82 million vapers worldwide in 2021: the GSTHR estimate

The popularity of nicotine vaping products continues to grow around the world as smokers choose to make the switch to safer alternatives and our latest research estimates the global number of vapers increased by 20% between 2020 and 2021.

English 3033 Web page
English 528 PDF Document

Fighting the Last War: the WHO and International Tobacco Control

The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control isn't working. Here we use the key messages from the latest Global State of Tobacco Harm Reduction report, Fighting the Last War, to argue why tobacco harm reduction must be adopted urgently by the WHO.

English 333 Web page
English 330 PDF Document

The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Conference of the Parties (COP): an explainer (2021)

With the Ninth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) taking place from 8 - 13 November 2021, here's our guide to explain how the meeting works.

English 227 Web page

The UK and tobacco: successful elements of a harm reduction strategy and the chance to influence the international response to smoking

The UK is a world leader in tobacco harm reduction (THR), but it can still do more. Here, we argue COP9 presents the UK with the perfect opportunity to both display its THR credentials on the global stage and to champion the benefits of safer nicotine products.

English 380 Web page
English 423 PDF Document