Briefing Papers

Tobacco harm reduction and people experiencing homelessness – a UK perspective

With such high smoking rates among people who experience homelessness or rough sleeping in the UK, this Briefing Paper looks at the potential for tobacco harm reduction to help reduce the health inequalities seen in this vulnerable population.

English 1136 Web page
English 307 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 196 PDF Document
French 260 PDF Document
Portuguese 228 PDF Document
Russian 232 PDF Document
Spanish 198 PDF Document

Tobacco harm reduction consumer advocacy organisations

Tobacco harm reduction consumer advocacy organisations play a vital role in maintaining access to safer nicotine products around the world. Here we explore the development, role and importance of these grassroots groups.

English 1384 Web page
English 320 PDF Document
Arabic 343 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 337 PDF Document
French 413 PDF Document
German 301 PDF Document
Hindi 285 PDF Document
Indonesian 334 PDF Document
Japanese 301 PDF Document
Polish 295 PDF Document
Portuguese 319 PDF Document
Russian 330 PDF Document
Spanish 320 PDF Document
Swahili 220 PDF Document


The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and the Conference of the Parties (COP): an explainer (updated April 2023)

With the Tenth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) taking place in November 2023, here's our updated guide to explain how the meeting works. Scroll down to access this document in multiple languages.

English 1758 Web page
English 1302 PDF Document
Arabic 633 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 582 PDF Document
French 724 PDF Document
German 739 PDF Document
Hindi 589 PDF Document
Indonesian 626 PDF Document
Japanese 576 PDF Document
Polish 681 PDF Document
Portuguese 686 PDF Document
Russian 644 PDF Document
Spanish 1090 PDF Document
Swahili 606 PDF Document

What are nicotine pouches?

Nicotine pouches are a relatively new product which can provide users of high-risk tobacco with an alternative that poses fewer risks to their health. Here we provide an introduction to the tobacco harm reduction potential of this category.

English 2174 Web page
English 430 PDF Document
French 47 PDF Document
German 351 PDF Document
Indonesian 318 PDF Document
Polish 357 PDF Document
Portuguese 46 PDF Document
Russian 33 PDF Document
Swahili 40 PDF Document

The Global State of Tobacco Harm Reduction 2022: The Right Side of History

This Briefing Paper summarises The Global State of Tobacco Harm Reduction 2022: The Right Side of History, which charts the history of tobacco harm reduction to date, and considers the future for a strategy that could end smoking.

English 1006 Web page
English 720 PDF Document
Arabic 743 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 731 PDF Document
French 651 PDF Document
German 539 PDF Document
Hindi 461 PDF Document
Indonesian 512 PDF Document
Japanese 667 PDF Document
Polish 527 PDF Document
Portuguese 587 PDF Document
Russian 493 PDF Document
Spanish 527 PDF Document
Swahili 582 PDF Document

What is snus?

Used in Scandinavia for more than 200 years, snus is providing smokers in Sweden and Norway with an alternative to combustible cigarettes, but what is it and why is it considered a safer nicotine product? This Briefing Paper aims to provide the answers.

English 884 Web page
English 526 PDF Document
Arabic 44 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 71 PDF Document
French 487 PDF Document
German 502 PDF Document
Hindi 45 PDF Document
Indonesian 605 PDF Document
Japanese 55 PDF Document
Polish 536 PDF Document
Portuguese 530 PDF Document
Russian 485 PDF Document

Tobacco harm reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa

With the number of tobacco users across the continent set to rise by 2025, we look at the current state of tobacco harm reduction in the region, assessing the progress made so far and the obstacles preventing greater adoption of safer nicotine products.

English 732 Web page
English 414 PDF Document
Arabic 501 PDF Document
French 444 PDF Document
Swahili 398 PDF Document

The right to health and the right to tobacco harm reduction

Tobacco harm reduction is not only a potentially life-saving public health intervention for the world’s 1.1 billion smokers, it's also supported by international human rights law. Here we make the case for promoting tobacco harm reduction as a health rights issue.

English 941 Web page
English 541 PDF Document
Arabic 517 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 511 PDF Document
French 698 PDF Document
German 516 PDF Document
Indonesian 428 PDF Document
Japanese 451 PDF Document
Polish 485 PDF Document
Portuguese 447 PDF Document
Russian 404 PDF Document
Spanish 599 PDF Document
Swahili 494 PDF Document

What is Tobacco Harm Reduction?

Tobacco harm reduction is a potentially life-saving intervention for millions of people across the world who use high-risk tobacco products, offering them the chance to switch to a range of safer nicotine products. Here, we provide a detailed introduction to the principles, history and evidence for this vital public health strategy.

English 2106 Web page
English 937 PDF Document
Arabic 998 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 1405 PDF Document
French 994 PDF Document
German 965 PDF Document
Hindi 802 PDF Document
Indonesian 847 PDF Document
Japanese 785 PDF Document
Polish 681 PDF Document
Portuguese 781 PDF Document
Russian 833 PDF Document
Spanish 1001 PDF Document
Swahili 1655 PDF Document

82 million vapers worldwide in 2021: the GSTHR estimate

The popularity of nicotine vaping products continues to grow around the world as smokers choose to make the switch to safer alternatives and our latest research estimates the global number of vapers increased by 20% between 2020 and 2021.

English 2856 Web page
English 366 PDF Document

Fighting the Last War: the WHO and International Tobacco Control

The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control isn't working. Here we use the key messages from the latest Global State of Tobacco Harm Reduction report, Fighting the Last War, to argue why tobacco harm reduction must be adopted urgently by the WHO.

English 255 Web page
English 258 PDF Document

The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Conference of the Parties (COP): an explainer (2021)

With the Ninth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) taking place from 8 - 13 November 2021, here's our guide to explain how the meeting works.

English 168 Web page

The UK and tobacco: successful elements of a harm reduction strategy and the chance to influence the international response to smoking

The UK is a world leader in tobacco harm reduction (THR), but it can still do more. Here, we argue COP9 presents the UK with the perfect opportunity to both display its THR credentials on the global stage and to champion the benefits of safer nicotine products.

English 307 Web page
English 343 PDF Document