Briefing Papers

Tobacco harm reduction and people experiencing homelessness – a UK perspective

With such high smoking rates among people who experience homelessness or rough sleeping in the UK, this Briefing Paper looks at the potential for tobacco harm reduction to help reduce the health inequalities seen in this vulnerable population.

English 1623 Web page
English 542 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 477 PDF Document
French 550 PDF Document
Portuguese 505 PDF Document
Russian 338 PDF Document
Spanish 473 PDF Document

Tobacco harm reduction consumer advocacy organisations

Tobacco harm reduction consumer advocacy organisations play a vital role in maintaining access to safer nicotine products around the world. Here we explore the development, role and importance of these grassroots groups.

English 1849 Web page
English 523 PDF Document
Arabic 583 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 562 PDF Document
French 678 PDF Document
German 559 PDF Document
Hindi 501 PDF Document
Indonesian 526 PDF Document
Japanese 502 PDF Document
Polish 510 PDF Document
Portuguese 385 PDF Document
Russian 534 PDF Document
Spanish 526 PDF Document
Swahili 413 PDF Document


The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and the Conference of the Parties (COP): an explainer (updated April 2023)

With the Tenth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) taking place in November 2023, here's our updated guide to explain how the meeting works. Scroll down to access this document in multiple languages.

English 2279 Web page
English 1510 PDF Document
Arabic 832 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 829 PDF Document
French 930 PDF Document
German 944 PDF Document
Hindi 835 PDF Document
Indonesian 833 PDF Document
Japanese 777 PDF Document
Polish 954 PDF Document
Portuguese 893 PDF Document
Russian 907 PDF Document
Spanish 1291 PDF Document
Swahili 822 PDF Document

What are nicotine pouches?

Nicotine pouches are a relatively new product which can provide users of high-risk tobacco with an alternative that poses fewer risks to their health. Here we provide an introduction to the tobacco harm reduction potential of this category.

English 2289 Web page
English 475 PDF Document
French 111 PDF Document
German 412 PDF Document
Indonesian 364 PDF Document
Polish 409 PDF Document
Portuguese 175 PDF Document
Russian 215 PDF Document
Swahili 110 PDF Document

The Global State of Tobacco Harm Reduction 2022: The Right Side of History

This Briefing Paper summarises The Global State of Tobacco Harm Reduction 2022: The Right Side of History, which charts the history of tobacco harm reduction to date, and considers the future for a strategy that could end smoking.

English 1047 Web page
English 766 PDF Document
Arabic 791 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 787 PDF Document
French 697 PDF Document
German 577 PDF Document
Hindi 507 PDF Document
Indonesian 556 PDF Document
Japanese 711 PDF Document
Polish 566 PDF Document
Portuguese 630 PDF Document
Russian 533 PDF Document
Spanish 567 PDF Document
Swahili 629 PDF Document

What is snus?

Used in Scandinavia for more than 200 years, snus is providing smokers in Sweden and Norway with an alternative to combustible cigarettes, but what is it and why is it considered a safer nicotine product? This Briefing Paper aims to provide the answers.

English 988 Web page
English 563 PDF Document
Arabic 168 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 305 PDF Document
French 534 PDF Document
German 582 PDF Document
Hindi 81 PDF Document
Indonesian 670 PDF Document
Japanese 140 PDF Document
Polish 617 PDF Document
Portuguese 597 PDF Document
Russian 544 PDF Document

Tobacco harm reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa

With the number of tobacco users across the continent set to rise by 2025, we look at the current state of tobacco harm reduction in the region, assessing the progress made so far and the obstacles preventing greater adoption of safer nicotine products.

English 761 Web page
English 440 PDF Document
Arabic 543 PDF Document
French 483 PDF Document
Swahili 432 PDF Document

The right to health and the right to tobacco harm reduction

Tobacco harm reduction is not only a potentially life-saving public health intervention for the world’s 1.1 billion smokers, it's also supported by international human rights law. Here we make the case for promoting tobacco harm reduction as a health rights issue.

English 981 Web page
English 580 PDF Document
Arabic 557 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 544 PDF Document
French 739 PDF Document
German 593 PDF Document
Indonesian 468 PDF Document
Japanese 486 PDF Document
Polish 521 PDF Document
Portuguese 491 PDF Document
Russian 445 PDF Document
Spanish 634 PDF Document
Swahili 531 PDF Document

What is Tobacco Harm Reduction?

Tobacco harm reduction is a potentially life-saving intervention for millions of people across the world who use high-risk tobacco products, offering them the chance to switch to a range of safer nicotine products. Here, we provide a detailed introduction to the principles, history and evidence for this vital public health strategy.

English 2139 Web page
English 973 PDF Document
Arabic 1041 PDF Document
Chinese (Mandarin) 1464 PDF Document
French 1034 PDF Document
German 1010 PDF Document
Hindi 840 PDF Document
Indonesian 898 PDF Document
Japanese 827 PDF Document
Polish 727 PDF Document
Portuguese 822 PDF Document
Russian 881 PDF Document
Spanish 1195 PDF Document
Swahili 1710 PDF Document

82 million vapers worldwide in 2021: the GSTHR estimate

The popularity of nicotine vaping products continues to grow around the world as smokers choose to make the switch to safer alternatives and our latest research estimates the global number of vapers increased by 20% between 2020 and 2021.

English 2921 Web page
English 431 PDF Document

Fighting the Last War: the WHO and International Tobacco Control

The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control isn't working. Here we use the key messages from the latest Global State of Tobacco Harm Reduction report, Fighting the Last War, to argue why tobacco harm reduction must be adopted urgently by the WHO.

English 288 Web page
English 279 PDF Document

The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Conference of the Parties (COP): an explainer (2021)

With the Ninth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) taking place from 8 - 13 November 2021, here's our guide to explain how the meeting works.

English 191 Web page

The UK and tobacco: successful elements of a harm reduction strategy and the chance to influence the international response to smoking

The UK is a world leader in tobacco harm reduction (THR), but it can still do more. Here, we argue COP9 presents the UK with the perfect opportunity to both display its THR credentials on the global stage and to champion the benefits of safer nicotine products.

English 333 Web page
English 373 PDF Document