9.7% of the adult population are current smokers

There are approximately 126,112 current smokers in Gambia

19.3% of men are current smokers but only 0.5% of women

Quick links to detailed datasheets for Gambia
Country profile
Data sourced: 2022.   Page updated: 2023-10-10

Smoking in Gambia

Current smoking trends for the overall adult population in Gambia show a decrease in prevalence from 2000 (20%) to 2015 (16%), with a projection to decrease further to 14% by 2025. For women there has been a gradual, downwards year by year trend, starting and remaining very low, from 3% in 2000 to 1% in 2015, and projected to be around 0.4% by 2025. For men the trend has been going in the same downwards direction, with 37% being current smokers in 2000, 31% in 2015 and a projection of around 29% by 2025. The WHO published prevalence trend estimates in tobacco smoking, as shown here, in their 2018 2nd edition report, which show slightly different smoking prevalence to the WHO country profiles. Data for the estimates are not age standardised, and were obtained from WHO databases. The trend lines are projections, not predictions, of future attainment. A projection indicates a likely endpoint if the country maintains its tobacco control efforts at the same level that it has implemented them to date. Therefore the impact of recent interventions could alter the expected endpoint shown in the projection. While the methods of estimation used in the first and second editions of the WHO report are the same, the volume of data available for the second edition is larger i.e. 200 more national surveys. The results presented are therefore more robust.



In Gambia, 519 people die each year due to tobacco smoking.

Nicotine Vaping Devices

in Gambia

E-cigarettes are classified as Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems in Gambia. The sale, offering for sale, possession, distribution, and importation of nicotine-containing and non-nicotine e-cigarettes are prohibited under the Tobacco Control Act 2016. The ban on all domestic and cross-border tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship applies to e-cigarettes as well.

Heated Tobacco Products

in Gambia

You can't advertise HTP in Gambia.

Nicotine Replacement Therapy

in Gambia

You can't advertise NRT in Gambia.


in Gambia

Snus is allowed. Use of Snus is permitted by law in Gambia.


in Gambia

There is currently no information about using pouches.

The GSTHR database is updated regularly by our team. However, please be aware that the information we provide does not constitute legal advice. We cannot guarantee that the information is up to date or accurate, as the regulatory status of different product categories can change at short notice and with little publicity. If you wish to check the legal status of use or possession of any safer nicotine product in a specific country or region, you should verify the information independently. If you have reason to think that the information supplied on the GSTHR is inaccurate, please contact us with details and any references and we will rectify any errors.