Thailand

Thailand - country profile

Cigarettes in Thailand

There has been a downwards trend in current smoking prevalence in the general population in Thailand. Smoking prevalence was 25% overall in 2000 and declined to just under 21% in 2015, with a further drop to 18% projected by 2025. The prevalence of current smoking for men remains high. Men’s prevalence decreased from 48% in 2000 to 40.5% in 2015, with a further decrease to 36% projected by 2025. Women’s prevalence was much lower, at 2.7% in 2000; this decreased very slightly to 2.2% in 2015, and is projected to decrease further to 2% by 2025. The WHO published prevalence trend estimates in tobacco smoking, as shown here, in their 2018 2nd edition report, which show slightly different smoking prevalence to the WHO country profiles. Data for the estimates are not age standardised, and were obtained from WHO databases. The trend lines are projections, not predictions, of future attainment. A projection indicates a likely endpoint if the country maintains its tobacco control efforts at the same level that it has implemented them to date. Therefore the impact of recent interventions could alter the expected endpoint shown in the projection. While the methods of estimation used in the first and second editions of the WHO report are the same, the volume of data available for the second edition is larger i.e. 200 more national surveys. The results presented are therefore more robust.

Tobacco smoking prevalence

Number of current smokers:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (female):
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (male):
A
(1) WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco use 2000-2025, third edition. (2019). World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/who-global-report-on-trends-in-prevalence-of-tobacco-use-2000-2025-third-edition. (2) Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Ed.). (2019). World Population Prospects 2019 (Online Edition Rev. 1.; Population Division). United Nations. https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/

Smoking-related mortality

Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
A
The Tobacco Atlas. Available at: https://tobaccoatlas.org/topic/deaths/ Data source: GBD 2016 Risk Factors Collaborators.

Nicotine Vaping Devices (E-cigarettes) in Thailand

E-cigarettes are prohibited under several regulatory mechanisms in Thailand. The Medicine Act B.E.2510 (1967) prohibits the manufacturing, sale and importation of modern medicinal products. The Tobacco Products Control Act B.E.2535 (1992) prohibits the importation and sale of products imitating cigarettes. Notification B.E. 2557 (2014) by the Ministry of Commerce bans the importation of e-cigarettes, including those without nicotine. A Consumer Protection Board order bans the sale of e-cigarettes, including those without nicotine. The Customs Act B.E. 2469 (1926) prohibits people from bringing untaxed products into Thailand. There is no explicit law banning the use of e-cigarettes, but vaping is banned where laws prohibit smoking. Although vaping is not banned as such, importing e-cigarette products and selling them are prohibited, and so vapers can still get arrested. Anyone caught breaking these laws can have their items confiscated and be fined or sent to prison for up to 10 years if convicted. In February 2019 the Phuket News reported that a French woman had been arrested, charged, fined, jailed and deported after being caught with an e-cigarette.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Banned
A
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Regulated as consumer product:
Yes
A
Regulated as medicinal product:
Yes
A
Regulated as tobacco product:
Yes
A
Other options for purchasing - where bans in place:
1.00
A
A
Data cross-referenced where possible using the following sources :1. Vapetrotter website. Available at: https://www.vapetrotter.com/laws/ ; 2. Global tobacco control website. Available at:https://www.globaltobaccocontrol.org/node/14052 ; 3. Tobacco Control Laws website. Available at : https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/

Availability

Legal to buy nicotine online - personal use:
No
Legal to import device - trade:
No
Legal to import nicotine - trade:
No
Legal to sell device:
No
Legal to sell nicotine:
No
Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes
healing

Snus in Thailand

There are no comments specific to snus in Thailand in the database.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
A
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A
Information obtained from industry source (2014 data)

Availability

Legal to use product:
Yes

Heated Tobacco Products in Thailand

In Thailand, heated tobacco products are classified alongside e-cigarettes under the Consumer Board Announcement and Ministry of Commerce announcement. Therefore, their sale and importation are banned under the existing regulations.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Banned
A
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A
Personal communication, Andrew Zaman, External Affairs, Philip Morris International

Availability

Products are marketed:
No
A
healing
A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system

Nicotine Replacement Therapy in Thailand

There are no comments specific to nicotine replacement therapy in Thailand in the database.

Product promotion

Market size:
5.50 million €
A
Market size per smoker:
A
Consumer Health: Euromonitor from trade sources/national statistics. Date Exported: 8/9/2019. (c) Euromonitor International 2019

Availability

Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes
A
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Products are marketed:
Yes
A
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Place available:
Pharmacy
A
A
WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2019. https://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/en/ (2019).