New Zealand

New Zealand - country profile

Cigarettes in New Zealand

In 2016/17 in New Zealand, 15.7% of adults were current smokers, down from 20.1% in 2006/07. There has been a steady decline in smoking prevalence during the period. Current smoking rates are declining for younger adults, but there has been no significant change for adults aged 35 years and over since 2011/12. For men, current smoking prevalence has reduced steadily over the last ten-year period of the survey, from 21% in 2006/7 to 17% in 2016/17. For women, the decrease has been from 19% to 14% over the same period. The most recent health survey included around 15,000 adults, aged 15 and over, in face to face interviews.

Tobacco smoking prevalence

Number of current smokers:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence:
14.8%
A
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Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (female):
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (male):
A
(1) WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco use 2000-2025, third edition. (2019). World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/who-global-report-on-trends-in-prevalence-of-tobacco-use-2000-2025-third-edition. (2) Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Ed.). (2019). World Population Prospects 2019 (Online Edition Rev. 1.; Population Division). United Nations. https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/

Smoking-related mortality

Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
A
The Tobacco Atlas. Available at: https://tobaccoatlas.org/topic/deaths/ Data source: GBD 2016 Risk Factors Collaborators.

Nicotine Vaping Devices (E-cigarettes) in New Zealand

The sale of nicotine containing e-liquids was banned until May 2018, but these laws were rarely enforced. A court decision on 9th May 2018 made any tobacco product, including e-cigarettes and heated tobacco products, legal to import, buy & sell - subject to tobacco rules. The court case Philip Morris v Ministry of Health found all tobacco products - except chewing and dissolving types - could be lawfully sold under the Smoke-free Environments Act (1990). The ban on smoking in indoor workplaces, early childhood centres and schools only applies to smoking at the moment, however individual organisations can ban the use of e-cigarettes as part of their own smoke-free policies. A proposal by the Ministry of Health has been made that states that vaping, and the use of other smokeless tobacco products, will be prohibited in vehicles when children are present. This will be achieved through the Smoke-free Environments (Vaping) Amendment Bill, which will progress through Parliament later in 2019. The Bill will propose to prohibit vaping and the use of smokeless tobacco products in all legislated smoke-free areas. E-cigarettes cannot be sold to minors under 18, and must comply with rules on health information and warnings. There are restrictions on sales via vending machines, and packaging must comply with rules on packaging for tobacco products. There are also restrictions on advertising, promotion and sponsorship. The Ministry of Health now plans to consider how best to apply risk-proportionate regulation to all tobacco and vaping products.

Prevalence

Adult current e-cigarette vaping prevalence:
2.0%
1
A
smoking_rooms
Ever tried e-cigarette vaping:
A
Oakly et al. 2019.Prevalence of e-cigarette use from a nationally representative sample in New Zealand. Addictive Behaviours. Volume 98, November 2019, 106024. Available at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0306460318314102?via%3Dihub
1
The Health and Lifestyles Survey (HLS) is a biennial face-to-face in-house survey of New Zealand adults aged 15<U+202F>years or over. The HLS was completed by 3854 participants in 2016.

Product promotion

Advertising is regulated:
Yes
1
1
Allowed or banned at place of sale or allowed or banned in all media.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
A
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Regulated as tobacco product:
Yes
A
widgets
A
Data cross-referenced where possible using the following sources :1. Vapetrotter website. Available at: https://www.vapetrotter.com/laws/ ; 2. Global tobacco control website. Available at:https://www.globaltobaccocontrol.org/node/14052 ; 3. Tobacco Control Laws website. Available at : https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/

Availability

Legal to buy device online - personal use:
Yes
Legal to buy nicotine online - personal use:
Yes
Legal to import device - trade:
Yes
Legal to import nicotine - trade:
Yes
Legal to sell device:
Yes
Legal to sell nicotine:
Yes
Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes
healing

Regulations and restrictions

Child and tamperproof containers required:
Yes
Health warning on packaging required:
Yes
Minimum age restrictions on sales:
Restrictions on flavour range:
No
Legal restrictions on use in public places:
No

Snus in New Zealand

There are no comments specific to snus in New Zealand in the database.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Banned
1
A
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Regulated as tobacco product:
Yes
1
A
filter_drama
A
Information obtained from in-country expert 2018
1
Smoke free environments Act (1990) prohibits importation, sale, distribution and advertising of oral tobacco products.

Availability

Legal to import product for trade:
No
Legal to import product for personal use:
Yes
Legal to use product:
Yes

Heated Tobacco Products in New Zealand

In 2018, a New Zealand District Court decision permitted the sale of heated tobacco products under the 1990 Smoke-free Environments Act. The case was Philip Morris International (the makers of IQOS) vs. New Zealand's Ministry of Health. The law regulating heated tobacco products states they should not be sold or advertised to minors (under 18 years). The New Zealand Ministry of Health has stated that it plans to develop a risk-proportionate regulatory framework for products covered by the 1990 Smoke-free Environments Act, which includes heated tobacco products.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
1
A
filter_drama widgets
A
Personal communication, Andrew Zaman, External Affairs, Philip Morris International
1
New Zealand is the only country that reversed its ban on HTPs.

Availability

Products are marketed:
Yes
1
A
healing
A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system
1
IQOS

Nicotine Replacement Therapy in New Zealand

There are no comments specific to nicotine replacement therapy in New Zealand in the database.

Product promotion

Market size:
12.70 million €
A
Market size per smoker:
A
Consumer Health: Euromonitor from trade sources/national statistics. Date Exported: 8/9/2019. (c) Euromonitor International 2019

Availability

Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes
A
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Products are marketed:
Yes
A
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Place available:
General store
A
A
WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2019. https://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/en/ (2019).