Bahrain

Bahrain - country profile

Cigarettes in Bahrain

Current smoking prevalence in the general population in Bahrain has been increasing, from 22% in 2000 to 26% in 2015 with a projected further increase to 29% by 2025. This increase in smoking prevalence has been driven entirely by men's smoking, which has increased from 32% in 2000 to 37% in 2015. If the trend continues it is projected that 43% of men will smoke by 2025. Women's current smoking prevalence reduced from 8% in 2000 to 5.5% in 2015, with a projected further decline to under 5% by 2025. The WHO published prevalence trend estimates in tobacco smoking, as shown here, in their 2018 2nd edition report, which show slightly different smoking prevalence to the WHO country profiles. Data for the estimates are not age standardised, and were obtained from WHO databases. The trend lines are projections, not predictions, of future attainment. A projection indicates a likely endpoint if the country maintains its tobacco control efforts at the same level that it has implemented them to date. Therefore the impact of recent interventions could alter the expected endpoint shown in the projection. While the methods of estimation used in the first and second editions of the WHO report are the same, the volume of data available for the second edition is larger i.e. 200 more national surveys. The results presented are therefore more robust.

Tobacco smoking prevalence

Number of current smokers:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (female):
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (male):
Countries with increasing tobacco smoking prevalence:
A
(1) WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco use 2000-2025, third edition. (2019). World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/who-global-report-on-trends-in-prevalence-of-tobacco-use-2000-2025-third-edition. (2) Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Ed.). (2019). World Population Prospects 2019 (Online Edition Rev. 1.; Population Division). United Nations. https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/
B
WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2017, Country profiles http://www.who.int/tobacco/surveillance/policy/country_profile/en/
1
These rates are modelled using all national survey data published since 1990 to estimate the underlying prevalence trends by sex, then applying age-standardization to allow comparison with other countries. They do not necessarily resemble country data from 2015

Smoking-related mortality

Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
A
The Tobacco Atlas. Available at: https://tobaccoatlas.org/topic/deaths/ Data source: GBD 2016 Risk Factors Collaborators.

Nicotine Vaping Devices (E-cigarettes) in Bahrain

Since our last report in 2018, e-cigarettes (both devices and liquid) are legal to buy online and in-country for personal use while still being controlled as tobacco products. Bahrain's tobacco control law prohibits the advertisement, promotion, sponsorship and use of tobacco products in enclosed public places and public transportation. Visitors bringing personal supplies with them when travelling to the country could be viewed as importation which appears to be restricted to trade outlets. There is reportedly significant uptake of e-cigarette in the Middle East generally.

Product promotion

Ban on all advertising:
Yes
1
Advertising is regulated:
Yes
2
1
Banned at place of sale and banned in all media.
2
Allowed or banned at place of sale or allowed or banned in all media.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
A
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Regulated as tobacco product:
Yes
B
A
Bahrain | Global Tobacco Control. https://www.globaltobaccocontrol.org/e-cigarette/bahrain.
B
Data cross-referenced where possible using the following sources :1. Vapetrotter website. Available at: https://www.vapetrotter.com/laws/ ; 2. Global tobacco control website. Available at:https://www.globaltobaccocontrol.org/node/14052 ; 3. Tobacco Control Laws website. Available at : https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/

Availability

Legal to buy device online - personal use:
Yes
Legal to buy nicotine online - personal use:
Yes
Legal to import device - trade:
Yes
Legal to import nicotine - trade:
Yes
Legal to sell device:
Yes
Legal to sell nicotine:
Yes
Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes
healing

Regulations and restrictions

Legal restrictions on use in public places:
Yes

Snus in Bahrain

There are no comments specific to snus in Bahrain in the database.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Banned
A
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A
Information obtained from industry source (2014 data)

Heated Tobacco Products in Bahrain

Heated Tobacco Products are not regulated in Bahrain (ref. 1). In July 2019 IQOS was launched across all GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) countries, following the approval of the US FDA earlier in the year (ref. 2).

Regulation

Regulatory status:
No specific law
1
A
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A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system
1
IQOS

Availability

Products are marketed:
Yes
1
A
healing
A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system
1
IQOS

Nicotine Replacement Therapy in Bahrain

There are no comments specific to nicotine replacement therapy in Bahrain in the database.

Availability

Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes
A
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Products are marketed:
Yes
A
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Place available:
Pharmacy
A
A
WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2019. https://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/en/ (2019).