11% of the adult population are current smokers

There are approximately 3.5 million current smokers in Tanzania

19.9% of men are current smokers but only 2% of women

Quick links to detailed datasheets for Tanzania
Country profile

Smoking in Tanzania

There has been a downwards trend in current smoking prevalence in the general population in Tanzania. Smoking prevalence was 21% overall in 2000 and declined to 14.5% in 2015, with a further drop to 12% projected by 2025. For men, the prevalence decreased from 37% in 2000 to just over 27% in 2015, with a further decrease to around 21% projected by 2025. Women’s prevalence was much lower, at 5% in 2000; this decreased slightly to 3% in 2015, and is projected to decrease further to 2% by 2025. The WHO published prevalence trend estimates in tobacco smoking, as shown here, in their 2018 2nd edition report, which show slightly different smoking prevalence to the WHO country profiles. Data for the estimates are not age standardised, and were obtained from WHO databases. The trend lines are projections, not predictions, of future attainment. A projection indicates a likely endpoint if the country maintains its tobacco control efforts at the same level that it has implemented them to date. Therefore the impact of recent interventions could alter the expected endpoint shown in the projection. While the methods of estimation used in the first and second editions of the WHO report are the same, the volume of data available for the second edition is larger i.e. 200 more national surveys. The results presented are therefore more robust.



In Tanzania, 17,228 people die each year due to tobacco smoking.

Heated Tobacco Products

in Tanzania

HTP is illegal to be marketed.

Nicotine Vaping Devices

in Tanzania

There is no specific law regarding e-cigarettes. If you have an update please e-mail the GSTHR team.


in Tanzania

No information about regulation of Snus is available for Tanzania.

Nicotine Replacement Therapy

in Tanzania

NRT is illegal to be marketed.