- Ab Rahman, J. et al. (2019) "The Prevalence of E-Cigarette Use Among Adults in Malaysia: Findings From the 2016 National E-Cigarette Survey", Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health. doi: 10.1177/1010539519834735.
- A nationwide survey among 4288 Malaysian adults (18 and over) was conducted in 2016 to measure the prevalence and to describe the population characteristics of e-cigarette users. A complex sampling design was used, and data were collected using a face-to-face questionnaire. The prevalence of all type of e-cigarette use was higher in urban than in rural areas. Current e-cigarette users were likely to be younger, males, and with higher education level. Among current e-cigarette users, 74% (95% CI = 64-82) also smoked conventional cigarettes (dual user).
- Data cross-referenced where possible using the following sources :1. Vapetrotter website. Available at: https://www.vapetrotter.com/laws/ ; 2. Global tobacco control website. Available at:https://www.globaltobaccocontrol.org/node/14052 ; 3. Tobacco Control Laws website. Available at : https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/
Regulations and restrictions
Perception of harm
- Chan, C. M. H., Ab Rahman, J., Guat Hiong, T., Lei Hum, W., Bee Kiau, H., Robson, N. Z. M. H., � Nik Mohamed, M. H. (2019). Perception of Harms and Benefits of Electronic Cigarettes Among Adult Malaysian Men: A Comparison by Electronic Cigarette Use and Smoking Status. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health. https://doi.org/10.1177/1010539519860730