28.3% of the adult population are current smokers

There are approximately 2.5 million current smokers in Czech Republic

33.4% of men are current smokers but only 23.5% of women

Quick links to detailed datasheets for Czech Republic
Country profile
Data sourced: 2024.   Page updated: 2024-04-08

Smoking in Czech Republic

The overall smoking prevalence in the Czech Republic has increased since 2006. 31.5% of the adult population in the Czech Republic are current smokers, up from 29% in 2006. This means there are now approximately 2.8 million smokers in the country. 35.6% of men smoke and for women the figure is 27.3%.

The most recent data show there were 17,664 annual deaths from tobacco-smoking related diseases (approximately 6,100 women and 11,600 men). The annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking was 17.84% (women: 11.3%; and men: 21.3%).

Nicotine vapes (e-cigarettes) are legal in the Czech Republic and there are 272,500 vapers in the country, giving an adult vaping prevalence of 3.02%. There is a requirement to ensure vape packaging contains a health warning, they can only be sold to those 18 and older, and there are legal restrictions on their use in public places.

Heated tobacco products can be marketed but the situation is a bit more complicated for snus. While it is illegal to import snus for trade or buy the product online, it is possible to import it for personal use.

Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) can be marketed and it is available to buy in pharmacies without a prescription. The NRT market in the Czech Republic is worth €6.2 million.

For further information and full references, click through to the detailed datasheets above.



17664 people in Czech Republic die from tobacco smoking-related diseases each year.

6.2 million €

Market size of NRT.

Estimated NRT market size is 6.2 million €.

Nicotine Vaping Devices

in Czech Republic

The Czech Republic abides by the EU Tobacco Products Directive (TPD) (2014). Decree No. 37/2017 regulates e-cigarettes that contain nicotine. E-cigarettes are legal to sell and use in the Czech Republic, and their use is only prohibited in a few public places such as hospitals, schools, shopping centres and public transport. Reportedly, e-cigarettes are still allowed in leisure venues i.e. cafes, restaurants and bars. There is no tax on electronic cigarettes and cross-border sales are legal.

Heated Tobacco Products

in Czech Republic

HTP is allowed. HTP is legal to market.

Nicotine Replacement Therapy

in Czech Republic

Estimated NRT market size is 6.2 million €. In Czech Republic it is legal to purchase nicotine without using NRT prescription. NRT is legal to market. NRT are available in Pharmacy.


in Czech Republic

The sale of Snus is banned. Snus is legal to use.


in Czech Republic

Pouches are allowed. Pouches are legal to market.

The GSTHR database is updated regularly by our team. However, please be aware that the information we provide does not constitute legal advice. We cannot guarantee that the information is up to date or accurate, as the regulatory status of different product categories can change at short notice and with little publicity. If you wish to check the legal status of use or possession of any safer nicotine product in a specific country or region, you should verify the information independently. If you have reason to think that the information supplied on the GSTHR is inaccurate, please contact us with details and any references and we will rectify any errors.