Turkey

Turkey - country profile

Cigarettes in Turkey

There has been a downwards trend in current smoking prevalence in the general population in Turkey. Smoking prevalence was 39% overall in 2000 and declined to 28% in 2015, with a further drop to around 22% projected by 2025. The prevalence of current smoking for men remains high. Men’s prevalence decreased significantly from 60% in 2000 to 43% in 2015, with a further decrease to 34% projected by 2025. Women’s prevalence was 20% in 2000; this decreased to 14% in 2015, and is projected to decrease to 11% by 2025. The WHO published prevalence trend estimates in tobacco smoking, as shown here, in their 2018 2nd edition report, which show slightly different smoking prevalence to the WHO country profiles. Data for the estimates are not age standardised, and were obtained from WHO databases. The trend lines are projections, not predictions, of future attainment. A projection indicates a likely endpoint if the country maintains its tobacco control efforts at the same level that it has implemented them to date. Therefore the impact of recent interventions could alter the expected endpoint shown in the projection. While the methods of estimation used in the first and second editions of the WHO report are the same, the volume of data available for the second edition is larger i.e. 200 more national surveys. The results presented are therefore more robust.

Tobacco smoking prevalence

Number of current smokers:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (female):
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (male):
A
(1) WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco use 2000-2025, third edition. (2019). World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/who-global-report-on-trends-in-prevalence-of-tobacco-use-2000-2025-third-edition. (2) Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Ed.). (2019). World Population Prospects 2019 (Online Edition Rev. 1.; Population Division). United Nations. https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/

Smoking-related mortality

Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
A
The Tobacco Atlas. Available at: https://tobaccoatlas.org/topic/deaths/ Data source: GBD 2016 Risk Factors Collaborators.

Nicotine Vaping Devices (E-cigarettes) in Turkey

The legal situation with regard to the importation and sale of e-cigarettes is unclear, as there is a Ministry of Health Circular stating that they are banned, but there are also other laws that consider them as tobacco products in terms of age restrictions and public place bans. At the end of 2017, it was reported on the Vaping Post website that the Minister of Finance had announced that Turkey is withdrawing plans to start the importation and production of heated tobacco products and e-cigarettes. There are reports of vapers being fined for vaping indoors.

Product promotion

Advertising is regulated:
Yes
1
1
Allowed or banned at place of sale or allowed or banned in all media.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Banned
A
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Regulated as tobacco product:
Yes
A
A
Data cross-referenced where possible using the following sources :1. Vapetrotter website. Available at: https://www.vapetrotter.com/laws/ ; 2. Global tobacco control website. Available at:https://www.globaltobaccocontrol.org/node/14052 ; 3. Tobacco Control Laws website. Available at : https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/

Availability

Legal to sell device:
Yes
Legal to sell nicotine:
No
Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes
healing

Regulations and restrictions

Minimum age restrictions on sales:
Legal restrictions on use in public places:
Yes

Snus in Turkey

There are no comments specific to snus in Turkey in the database.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Banned
A
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A
Information obtained from industry source (2014 data)

Heated Tobacco Products in Turkey

In Turkey, heated tobacco products are regulated as ‘other tobacco products’ under the Law on Prevention and Control of Hazards of Tobacco Products.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
A
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Regulatory status:
Banned
B
filter_drama widgets
A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system
B
Personal communication, Andrew Zaman, External Affairs, Philip Morris International

Availability

Products are marketed:
No
A
healing
A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system

Nicotine Replacement Therapy in Turkey

There are no comments specific to nicotine replacement therapy in Turkey in the database.

Product promotion

Market size:
5.70 million €
A
Market size per smoker:
A
Consumer Health: Euromonitor from trade sources/national statistics. Date Exported: 8/9/2019. (c) Euromonitor International 2019

Availability

Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes
A
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Products are marketed:
Yes
A
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Place available:
Pharmacy
A
A
WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2019. https://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/en/ (2019).