Sweden abides by the EU Tobacco Products Directive (TPD) (2014), except for where the regulation applies to snus. E-cigarettes are regulated in Sweden by the Act on Electronic Cigarettes and Refill Containers (2017/425), which came into force on 1st July 2017. E-cigarettes that contain tobacco are regulated by the Tobacco Act, while those classified as medical devices, drugs or hazardous substances are regulated by the Medicines Act (2015: 315), Medical Device Act (1993: 584), or Act (1999: 42) on the prohibition of certain hazardous goods. E-cigarettes must also comply with the Product Safety Act (2004: 451). High strength e-liquids with nicotine concentrations over 17 mg/ml are subject to a de facto ban in Sweden as they require permits which are unlikely to be granted. Cross border sales are legal. The prohibition of sponsorship of any kind, including of radio and television programs and TV product placement, is detailed in the Radio and Television Act (20101: 696). In January 2018, a tax on e-cigarette fluid of two krona (€0.2) per millilitre was announced. A new ban on vaping in public spaces will come into effect in July 2019. The ban will cover outdoor serving areas at cafes and restaurants, as well as public playgrounds, bus shelters and train platforms, sports arenas, and entrances to civic buildings.