Sweden

Sweden - country profile

Cigarettes in Sweden

WHO smoking trend estimates, and Sweden's national Health Survey 2018, show that Sweden's daily smoking prevalence has been in decline since 2000 for both men and women. The The Eurobarometer survey (2017) showed that Sweden had the lowest smoking prevalence of any country in Europe (at 5%), however the national Health Survey 2018 estimated a higher rate of daily smoking, at 7% for both men and women. Smoked tobacco, as a form of nicotine delivery, has been displaced in Sweden by a type of pasteurised oral tobacco called snus, which is less harmful than combustible tobacco. The prevalence of snus use overtook the prevalence of cigarette smoking amongst men in 1996. Sweden is one of the few countries where the prevalence of daily smoking has previously been higher in women than in men, e.g. in 2004 daily smoking for women was 19% and 14% for men; in 2011 daily smoking was 12% for women and 10% for men according to the national survey.

Tobacco smoking prevalence

Number of current smokers:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence:
16.9%
A
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Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (female):
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (male):
A
(1) WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco use 2000-2025, third edition. (2019). World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/who-global-report-on-trends-in-prevalence-of-tobacco-use-2000-2025-third-edition. (2) Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Ed.). (2019). World Population Prospects 2019 (Online Edition Rev. 1.; Population Division). United Nations. https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/

Smoking-related mortality

Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
A
The Tobacco Atlas. Available at: https://tobaccoatlas.org/topic/deaths/ Data source: GBD 2016 Risk Factors Collaborators.

Nicotine Vaping Devices (E-cigarettes) in Sweden

Sweden abides by the EU Tobacco Products Directive (TPD) (2014), except for where the regulation applies to snus. E-cigarettes are regulated in Sweden by the Act on Electronic Cigarettes and Refill Containers (2017/425), which came into force on 1st July 2017. E-cigarettes that contain tobacco are regulated by the Tobacco Act, while those classified as medical devices, drugs or hazardous substances are regulated by the Medicines Act (2015: 315), Medical Device Act (1993: 584), or Act (1999: 42) on the prohibition of certain hazardous goods. E-cigarettes must also comply with the Product Safety Act (2004: 451). High strength e-liquids with nicotine concentrations over 17 mg/ml are subject to a de facto ban in Sweden as they require permits which are unlikely to be granted. Cross border sales are legal. The prohibition of sponsorship of any kind, including of radio and television programs and TV product placement, is detailed in the Radio and Television Act (20101: 696). In January 2018, a tax on e-cigarette fluid of two krona (€0.2) per millilitre was announced. A new ban on vaping in public spaces will come into effect in July 2019. The ban will cover outdoor serving areas at cafes and restaurants, as well as public playgrounds, bus shelters and train platforms, sports arenas, and entrances to civic buildings.

Prevalence

Adult current e-cigarette vaping prevalence:
2.0%
1
A
smoking_rooms
A
Public Health Agency. National Public Health Survey (tobacco/e-cigarette) 2018.
1
n=40,000. 2% figure incldes daily users and occasional users. Age 16 - 84

Product promotion

Health claims allowed:
No
Advertising is regulated:
Yes
1
1
Allowed or banned at place of sale or allowed or banned in all media.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
A
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Regulated as consumer product:
Yes
A
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Regulated as medicinal product:
Yes
A
Regulated as tobacco product:
Yes
A
A
Data cross-referenced where possible using the following sources :1. Vapetrotter website. Available at: https://www.vapetrotter.com/laws/ ; 2. Global tobacco control website. Available at:https://www.globaltobaccocontrol.org/node/14052 ; 3. Tobacco Control Laws website. Available at : https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/

Availability

Legal to sell device:
Yes
Legal to sell nicotine:
Yes
Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes
healing

Regulations and restrictions

Notifications of new products required:
Yes
Child and tamperproof containers required:
Yes
Health warning on packaging required:
Yes
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Minimum age restrictions on sales:
Yes
18 years
A
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Restrictions on nicotine content:
Yes
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Legal restrictions on use in public places:
Yes
Restrictions on tank size:
Yes
A
https://ec.europa.eu/health/tobacco/products/revision_en

Perception of harm

Don't know:
Not harmful, or less harmful than cigarettes:
Harmful, or more harmful than cigarettes:
A
Reference: European Commission (2017). Special Eurobarometer 458: Attitudes of Europeans towards tobacco and electronic cigarettes Available at: http://data.europa.eu/euodp/en/data/dataset/S2146_87_1_458_ENG
1
Question asked in this survey did not compare harmfulness with cigarettes. The question used was 'Do you think they are harmful to the health of people who use them?' 65% - YES, 14% - NO, 21% DON'T KNOW

Snus in Sweden

There are no comments specific to snus in Sweden in the database.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
A
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Regulated as consumer product:
Yes
A
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A
1. Tobacco Tactics website available at: http://tobaccotactics.org/index.php/Snus:_EU_Ban_on_Snus_Sales; 2. Sales regulation information obtained from industry source (2018)

Availability

Legal to import product for personal use:
Yes
Legal to buy product online:
Yes
Legal to use product:
Yes

Regulations and restrictions

Health warning on packaging required:
Yes
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Minimum age restrictions on sales:
Yes
18 years filter_drama
Restrictions on flavour range:
No
Restrictions on nicotine content:
No
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Heated Tobacco Products in Sweden

The Tobacco Act—Law (1993:581) on tobacco (12 f §) transposes Article 19 of the EU Tobacco Products Directive, which covers novel tobacco products and applies to heated tobacco products. Regulations cover reporting, notifications and health warning labels. The Public Health Agency of Sweden has regulatory authority over heated tobacco products. So far, this authority has not been exerted.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
A
filter_drama widgets
A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system

Availability

Products are marketed:
No
A
healing
A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system

Nicotine Replacement Therapy in Sweden

There are no comments specific to nicotine replacement therapy in Sweden in the database.

Product promotion

Market size:
85.30 million €
A
Market size per smoker:
A
Consumer Health: Euromonitor from trade sources/national statistics. Date Exported: 8/9/2019. (c) Euromonitor International 2019

Availability

Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes
A
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Products are marketed:
Yes
A
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Place available:
General store
A
A
WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2019. https://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/en/ (2019).