Poland abides by the EU Tobacco Products Directive (TPD) (2014). E-cigarettes are classified as tobacco related products and are regulated by the Polish Anti-Tobacco Act (2016). Vaping is not allowed wherever smoking is prohibited, including at bus stops. There are heavy fines for those who violate the ban and for the establishments which allow violations. Cross-border distance sales, sale or distribution of e-cigarettes to minors under 18 years, and sale via vending machines or self-service sales are all prohibited. It is also prohibited to display items that imitate the packaging of cigarettes. From 2018 the excise tax on e-liquids is 0.5PLN (€0.23) per millilitre.