Nepal

Nepal - country profile

Cigarettes in Nepal

There has been a downwards trend in current smoking prevalence in the general population in Nepal. Smoking prevalence was 34% overall in 2000 and declined to 22% in 2015, with a further drop to 18% projected by 2025. For men the prevalence decreased from 41% in 2000 to 35.5% in 2015, with a further decrease to 33% projected by 2025. Women’s prevalence was 28% in 2000; this decreased to around 9% in 2015, and is projected to decrease further to around 4.5% by 2025. The WHO published prevalence trend estimates in tobacco smoking, as shown here, in their 2018 2nd edition report, which show slightly different smoking prevalence to the WHO country profiles. Data for the estimates are not age standardised, and were obtained from WHO databases. The trend lines are projections, not predictions, of future attainment. A projection indicates a likely endpoint if the country maintains its tobacco control efforts at the same level that it has implemented them to date. Therefore the impact of recent interventions could alter the expected endpoint shown in the projection. While the methods of estimation used in the first and second editions of the WHO report are the same, the volume of data available for the second edition is larger i.e. 200 more national surveys. The results presented are therefore more robust.

Tobacco smoking prevalence

Number of current smokers:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (female):
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (male):
A
(1) WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco use 2000-2025, third edition. (2019). World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/who-global-report-on-trends-in-prevalence-of-tobacco-use-2000-2025-third-edition. (2) Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Ed.). (2019). World Population Prospects 2019 (Online Edition Rev. 1.; Population Division). United Nations. https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/

Smoking-related mortality

Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
A
The Tobacco Atlas. Available at: https://tobaccoatlas.org/topic/deaths/ Data source: GBD 2016 Risk Factors Collaborators.

Nicotine Vaping Devices (E-cigarettes) in Nepal

In Nepal the Tobacco Product Control and Regulatory Directive of 2014 bans the sale, advertising, promotion and sponsorship, importation, manufacture, distribution, and use of e-cigarettes in public places and on public transportation.

Product promotion

Ban on all advertising:
Yes
1
Advertising is regulated:
Yes
2
1
Banned at place of sale and banned in all media.
2
Allowed or banned at place of sale or allowed or banned in all media.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Banned
A
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Regulated as tobacco product:
Yes
A
Banned PRE or POST introduction of product:
No
post
A
A
Data cross-referenced where possible using the following sources :1. Vapetrotter website. Available at: https://www.vapetrotter.com/laws/ ; 2. Global tobacco control website. Available at:https://www.globaltobaccocontrol.org/node/14052 ; 3. Tobacco Control Laws website. Available at : https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/

Availability

Legal to import device - trade:
No
Legal to import nicotine - trade:
No
Legal to sell device:
No
Legal to sell nicotine:
No
Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes

Regulations and restrictions

Legal restrictions on use in public places:
Yes

Snus in Nepal

There are no comments specific to snus in Nepal in the database.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
A
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A
Information obtained from industry source (2014 data)

Availability

Legal to use product:
Yes

Heated Tobacco Products in Nepal

Heated tobacco products are regulated as tobacco products by the Tobacco Product (Control and Regulation) Act, 2010. This law prohibits advertising, promotion, sponsorship and use of heated tobacco products in public places. The law also requires warning messages depicting harmful effects of tobacco products to be placed on packaging.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
A
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A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system

Availability

Products are marketed:
No
A
healing
A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system

Nicotine Replacement Therapy in Nepal

There are no comments specific to nicotine replacement therapy in Nepal in the database.

Availability

Products are marketed:
No
A
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A
WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2019. https://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/en/ (2019).