Malta

Malta - country profile

Cigarettes in Malta

The prevalence of current smokers in the general population in Malta has fluctuated but the trend has been slightly downwards since 2006. 24% of the population in Malta were current smokers in 2017, slightly down from 25% in 2006. The trend was upwards between 2006 and 2012 (27%); it then reduced to 20% in 2014 and then went up again to 24% in the most recent survey in 2017. These data come from the Eurobarometer surveys, the most recent of which was carried out in 2017. In the most recent survey a total of 27,901 respondents from different social and demographic groups were interviewed face-to-face at home, in their mother tongue, across all 28 of the EU countries. The sample for each country is representative, however the sample sizes are relatively small (e.g. most countries had just over 1000 participants, but for Italy, Malta and Lithuania the sample was around 500). Nevertheless, the Eurobarometer surveys are useful as they have estimates for smoking prevalence collected over a number of years which can show trends, as described here.

Tobacco smoking prevalence

Number of current smokers:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence:
25.1%
A
filter_drama
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (female):
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (male):
A
(1) WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco use 2000-2025, third edition. (2019). World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/who-global-report-on-trends-in-prevalence-of-tobacco-use-2000-2025-third-edition. (2) Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Ed.). (2019). World Population Prospects 2019 (Online Edition Rev. 1.; Population Division). United Nations. https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/

Smoking-related mortality

Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
A
The Tobacco Atlas. Available at: https://tobaccoatlas.org/topic/deaths/ Data source: GBD 2016 Risk Factors Collaborators.

Nicotine Vaping Devices (E-cigarettes) in Malta

Malta abides by the EU Tobacco Products Directive (TPD) (2014). The manufacture, presentation and sale of e-cigarettes are regulated by the Subsidiary Legislation 315.10, Manufacture, Presentation and Sale of Tobacco and Related Products Regulations, enacted under the Tobacco (Smoking Control) Act (CAP 315 of Laws of Malta). Use of e-cigarettes is prohibited in places where smoking is banned, and in private vehicles where a minor (under 16 years) is present. However there has been a case where a fine for vaping in a public place has been overturned, as the ban only refers to smoking specifically. Malta has a total ban on e-cigarette advertising, but cross-border sales are legal. There is no excise tax on e-liquids.

Prevalence

Adult current e-cigarette vaping prevalence:
2.0%
1
A
smoking_rooms
Ever tried e-cigarette vaping:
A
European Commission (2017). Special Eurobarometer 458: Attitudes of Europeans towards tobacco and electronic cigarettes Available at: http://data.europa.eu/euodp/en/data/dataset/S2146_87_1_458_ENG
1
Eurobarometer data provides a representative sample of ~28,000 respondents and estimates the prevalence of vaping for the EU overall, as well as per country. The survey was conducted in March 2017. Covers 28 European Union (EU) countries. Total sample N = 27901, aged 15 and over.

Product promotion

Advertising is regulated:
Yes
1
1
Allowed or banned at place of sale or allowed or banned in all media.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
A
widgets blur_circular
Regulated as medicinal product:
Yes
A
Regulated as tobacco product:
Yes
A
A
Data cross-referenced where possible using the following sources :1. Vapetrotter website. Available at: https://www.vapetrotter.com/laws/ ; 2. Global tobacco control website. Available at:https://www.globaltobaccocontrol.org/node/14052 ; 3. Tobacco Control Laws website. Available at : https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/

Availability

Legal to import device - trade:
Yes
Legal to import nicotine - trade:
Yes
Legal to sell device:
Yes
Legal to sell nicotine:
Yes
Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes
healing

Regulations and restrictions

Notifications of new products required:
Yes
Child and tamperproof containers required:
Yes
Health warning on packaging required:
Yes
Minimum age restrictions on sales:
Yes
18 years
A
Restrictions on flavour range:
No
Restrictions on nicotine content:
Yes
Legal restrictions on use in public places:
No
Restrictions on tank size:
Yes
A
https://ec.europa.eu/health/tobacco/products/revision_en

Snus in Malta

There are no comments specific to snus in Malta in the database.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Banned
A
filter_drama blur_circular
A
Tobacco Tactics website available at: http://tobaccotactics.org/index.php/Snus:_EU_Ban_on_Snus_Sales

Availability

Legal to import product for trade:
No
Legal to import product for personal use:
Yes
Legal to buy product online:
No
Legal to use product:
Yes

Heated Tobacco Products in Malta

Heated tobacco products are classified by manufacturers as smokeless tobacco products, and they are therefore subject to Legal Notice 67 in Malta which bans the import, manufacture, or sale of any smokeless tobacco product.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Banned
A
filter_drama widgets
A
Personal communication, Andrew Zaman, External Affairs, Philip Morris International

Availability

Products are marketed:
No
A
healing
A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system

Nicotine Replacement Therapy in Malta

There are no comments specific to nicotine replacement therapy in Malta in the database.

Availability

Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes
A
filter_drama
Products are marketed:
Yes
A
blur_circular
Place available:
Pharmacy
A
A
WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2019. https://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/en/ (2019).