Moldova

Moldova - country profile

Cigarettes in Moldova

There has been an upwards trend in current smoking prevalence in the general population in Moldova. In 2000 the prevalence was estimated to be 23%; this increased to 24% by 2015, with a projection to increase to 24.5% by 2025. This increase in prevalence has been driven mainly by men's smoking, which increased from 44% to 45% between 2000 and 2015, and is projected to increase further to 46% by 2025 according to WHO trend data. Women's smoking during the same period increased very slightly from 5.2% in 2000 to 5.5% in 2015, and is projected to reduce to 5.4% by 2025. The WHO published prevalence trend estimates in tobacco smoking, as shown here, in their 2018 2nd edition report, which show slightly different smoking prevalence to the WHO country profiles. Data for the estimates were obtained from WHO databases. The trend lines are projections, not predictions, of future attainment. A projection indicates a likely endpoint if the country maintains its tobacco control efforts at the same level that it has implemented them to date. Therefore the impact of recent interventions could alter the expected endpoint shown in the projection. While the methods of estimation used in the first and second editions of the WHO report are the same, the volume of data available for the second edition is larger i.e. 200 more national surveys. The results presented are therefore more robust.

Tobacco smoking prevalence

Number of current smokers:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (female):
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (male):
Countries with increasing tobacco smoking prevalence:
A
(1) WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco use 2000-2025, third edition. (2019). World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/who-global-report-on-trends-in-prevalence-of-tobacco-use-2000-2025-third-edition. (2) Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Ed.). (2019). World Population Prospects 2019 (Online Edition Rev. 1.; Population Division). United Nations. https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/
B
WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2017, Country profiles http://www.who.int/tobacco/surveillance/policy/country_profile/en/
1
These rates are modelled using all national survey data published since 1990 to estimate the underlying prevalence trends by sex, then applying age-standardization to allow comparison with other countries. They do not necessarily resemble country data from 2015

Smoking-related mortality

Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
A
The Tobacco Atlas. Available at: https://tobaccoatlas.org/topic/deaths/ Data source: GBD 2016 Risk Factors Collaborators.

Nicotine Vaping Devices (E-cigarettes) in Moldova

E-cigarettes are legal to use and sell in Moldova. Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes are regulated by Law No. 278 on Tobacco Control (with amendments). Although Moldova is not in the EU, these regulations are similar in many ways to the EU Tobacco Products Directive (TPD) (2014). Cross border distance sales, sales over the internet, and sales through street vendors are prohibited. There are restrictions on the proximity of retail outlets to education and medical establishments. A provision that prohibits the display of tobacco related products, including e-cigarettes, in commercial spaces, and which requires retailers to show a list of products for sale, is set to come into effect in May 2020. Vaping is prohibited in places where smoking is banned, including in private transport where minors under 18 years are present.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
A
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Regulated as tobacco product:
Yes
A
A
Data cross-referenced where possible using the following sources :1. Vapetrotter website. Available at: https://www.vapetrotter.com/laws/ ; 2. Global tobacco control website. Available at:https://www.globaltobaccocontrol.org/node/14052 ; 3. Tobacco Control Laws website. Available at : https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/

Availability

Legal to buy device online - personal use:
No
Legal to buy nicotine online - personal use:
No
Legal to sell device:
Yes
Legal to sell nicotine:
Yes
Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes

Regulations and restrictions

Notifications of new products required:
Yes
Health warning on packaging required:
Yes
Minimum age restrictions on sales:
Restrictions on nicotine content:
Yes
Legal restrictions on use in public places:
Yes
Restrictions on tank size:
Yes

Snus in Moldova

There are no comments specific to snus in Moldova in the database.

Heated Tobacco Products in Moldova

Heated tobacco products are regulated as novel tobacco products under the Law on Tobacco Products, but are exempted from the tobacco legal provisions on presentation and promotion.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
1
A
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A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system
1
IQOS

Availability

Products are marketed:
Yes
1
A
healing
A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system
1
IQOS

Nicotine Replacement Therapy in Moldova

There are no comments specific to nicotine replacement therapy in Moldova in the database.

Availability

Products are marketed:
No
A
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A
WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2019. https://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/en/ (2019).