Jamaica

Jamaica - country profile

Cigarettes in Jamaica

Current smoking prevalence in the general population in Jamaica has decreased slightly in recent years, but has now plateaued. In 2000 the smoking prevalence was 18%, which decreased to 17% in 2015, and is projected to remain the same, at 17%, by 2025 according to WHO trend data. For men, smoking prevalence has increased from just under 28% in 2000 to just over 28% in 2015, with a further increase to 30% projected by 2025. For women, smoking prevalence has decreased from 9% in 2000 to 6% in 2015, with a further decrease to 4% projected by 2025. The WHO published prevalence trend estimates in tobacco smoking, as shown here, in their 2018 2nd edition report, which show slightly different smoking prevalence to the WHO country profiles. Data for the estimates were obtained from WHO databases. The trend lines are projections, not predictions, of future attainment. A projection indicates a likely endpoint if the country maintains its tobacco control efforts at the same level that it has implemented them to date. Therefore the impact of recent interventions could alter the expected endpoint shown in the projection. While the methods of estimation used in the first and second editions of the WHO report are the same, the volume of data available for the second edition is larger i.e. 200 more national surveys. The results presented are therefore more robust.

Tobacco smoking prevalence

Number of current smokers:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (female):
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (male):
A
(1) WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco use 2000-2025, third edition. (2019). World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/who-global-report-on-trends-in-prevalence-of-tobacco-use-2000-2025-third-edition. (2) Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Ed.). (2019). World Population Prospects 2019 (Online Edition Rev. 1.; Population Division). United Nations. https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/

Smoking-related mortality

Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
A
The Tobacco Atlas. Available at: https://tobaccoatlas.org/topic/deaths/ Data source: GBD 2016 Risk Factors Collaborators.

Nicotine Vaping Devices (E-cigarettes) in Jamaica

Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes are categorised as medicines and are covered by the Food and Drugs Act 1975, which prohibits the sale, distribution, importation or manufacture of a drug that is not registered with the Ministry of Health. As yet, no e-cigarettes have been approved in this manner. Nevertheless, vape stores exist on the island. The Public Health Act – The Public Health (Tobacco Control) (Amendment) Regulations, 2014, regards e-cigarettes as tobacco products and prohibits the use of e-cigarettes on public transport and in public places.

Product promotion

Health claims allowed:
No

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
A
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Regulated as medicinal product:
Yes
A
Regulated as tobacco product:
Yes
A
A
Data cross-referenced where possible using the following sources :1. Vapetrotter website. Available at: https://www.vapetrotter.com/laws/ ; 2. Global tobacco control website. Available at:https://www.globaltobaccocontrol.org/node/14052 ; 3. Tobacco Control Laws website. Available at : https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/

Availability

Legal to import device - trade:
Yes
Legal to import nicotine - trade:
Yes
Legal to sell device:
Yes
Legal to sell nicotine:
Yes
Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes
healing

Regulations and restrictions

Notifications of new products required:
Yes
Health warning on packaging required:
Yes
Legal restrictions on use in public places:
Yes

Snus in Jamaica

There are no comments specific to snus in Jamaica in the database.

Heated Tobacco Products in Jamaica

In Jamaica, heated tobacco products are regulated as tobacco products in accordance with the Public Health (Tobacco Control) (Amendment) regulations 2014.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
A
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A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system

Availability

Products are marketed:
No
A
healing
A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system

Nicotine Replacement Therapy in Jamaica

There are no comments specific to nicotine replacement therapy in Jamaica in the database.

Availability

Legal to purchase without prescription:
No
A
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Products are marketed:
Yes
A
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Place available:
Pharmacy
A
A
WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2019. https://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/en/ (2019).