India

India - country profile

Cigarettes in India

There has been a downwards trend in current smoking prevalence in the general population in India. Smoking prevalence was 19% in 2000 and declined to 11.5% in 2015, with a further drop to 8.5% projected by 2025. For men the prevalence decreased from 32% in 2000 to 21% in 2015, with a further decrease to 16% projected by 2025. For women a much lower prevalence of 6% in 2000 dropped to just under 2% in 2015, and is projected to decrease further to less than 1% by 2025. The WHO published prevalence trend estimates in tobacco smoking, as shown here, in their 2018 2nd edition report, which show slightly different smoking prevalence to the WHO country profiles. Data for the estimates are not age standardised, and were obtained from WHO databases. The trend lines are projections, not predictions, of future attainment. A projection indicates a likely endpoint if the country maintains its tobacco control efforts at the same level that it has implemented them to date. Therefore the impact of recent interventions could alter the expected endpoint shown in the projection. While the methods of estimation used in the first and second editions of the WHO report are the same, the volume of data available for the second edition is larger i.e. 200 more national surveys. The results presented are therefore more robust.

Tobacco smoking prevalence

Number of current smokers:
116,431,532
A
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (female):
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (male):
A
(1) WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco use 2000-2025, third edition. (2019). World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/who-global-report-on-trends-in-prevalence-of-tobacco-use-2000-2025-third-edition. (2) Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Ed.). (2019). World Population Prospects 2019 (Online Edition Rev. 1.; Population Division). United Nations. https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/

Smoking-related mortality

Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
A
The Tobacco Atlas. Available at: https://tobaccoatlas.org/topic/deaths/ Data source: GBD 2016 Risk Factors Collaborators.

Nicotine Vaping Devices (E-cigarettes) in India

The law prohibits the production, manufacture, import, export, transport, sale, distribution, and advertising of e-cigarettes. There are no restrictions on the use of e-cigarettes.

Product promotion

Health claims allowed:
No
A
Ban on all advertising:
Yes
1
Advertising is regulated:
Yes
2
A
India Details | Tobacco Control Laws. https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/country/india/summary.
1
Banned at place of sale and banned in all media.
2
Allowed or banned at place of sale or allowed or banned in all media.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Banned
A
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Regulated as consumer product:
No
A
Regulated as medicinal product:
No
A
Regulated as tobacco product:
No
A
Other options for purchasing - where bans in place:
1.00
1
B
A
India Details | Tobacco Control Laws. https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/country/india/summary.
B
Data cross-referenced where possible using the following sources :1. Vapetrotter website. Available at: https://www.vapetrotter.com/laws/ ; 2. Global tobacco control website. Available at:https://www.globaltobaccocontrol.org/node/14052 ; 3. Tobacco Control Laws website. Available at : https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/
1
E-cigarette sales allowed except in 7 states - Bihar, Kerala, Karnataka, Punjab, Mizoram, Jamma & Kashmir where ENDS are banned. Delhi & Maharashtra were also considering a ban. However recent advice from the Government Ministry of Welfare & Families issued in August 2018, advised all states to prohibit sales, import and advertisement of ecigarettes.

Availability

Legal to buy device online - personal use:
No
A
Legal to buy nicotine online - personal use:
No
A
Legal to import device - trade:
No
A
Legal to import nicotine - trade:
No
A
Legal to sell device:
No
A
Legal to sell nicotine:
No
A
Legal to purchase without prescription:
No
A
healing
A
India Details | Tobacco Control Laws. https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/country/india/summary.

Regulations and restrictions

Minimum age restrictions on sales:
Legal restrictions on use in public places:
No
A
A
India Details | Tobacco Control Laws. https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/country/india/summary.

Snus in India

There are no comments specific to snus in India in the database.

Heated Tobacco Products in India

There are no comments specific to heated tobacco products in India in the database.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Banned
A
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A
Personal communication, Andrew Zaman, External Affairs, Philip Morris International

Availability

Products are marketed:
No
A
healing
A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system

Nicotine Replacement Therapy in India

There are no comments specific to nicotine replacement therapy in India in the database.

Product promotion

Market size:
19.50 million €
A
Market size per smoker:
A
Consumer Health: Euromonitor from trade sources/national statistics. Date Exported: 8/9/2019. (c) Euromonitor International 2019

Availability

Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes
A
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Products are marketed:
Yes
A
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Place available:
General store
A
A
WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2019. https://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/en/ (2019).