Indonesia

Indonesia - country profile

Cigarettes in Indonesia

There has been an upwards trend in current smoking prevalence in the general population in Indonesia. In 2000 the prevalence was estimated to be 32%; this increased to 39% in 2015, with a projection to increase to 43% by 2025. This increase in prevalence has been driven entirely by men's smoking, which increased from 59% to 75% between 2000 and 2015, and is projected to increase further to 83.5% by 2025 according to WHO trend data. Women's smoking during the same period remained low in comparison, at 5% in 2000, 3% in 2015, and is projected to decrease to 2% by 2025. The WHO published prevalence trend estimates in tobacco smoking, as shown here, in their 2018 2nd edition report, which show slightly different smoking prevalence to the WHO country profiles. Data for the estimates are not age standardised, and were obtained from WHO databases. The trend lines are projections, not predictions, of future attainment. A projection indicates a likely endpoint if the country maintains its tobacco control efforts at the same level that it has implemented them to date. Therefore the impact of recent interventions could alter the expected endpoint shown in the projection. While the methods of estimation used in the first and second editions of the WHO report are the same, the volume of data available for the second edition is larger i.e. 200 more national surveys. The results presented are therefore more robust.

Tobacco smoking prevalence

Number of current smokers:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (female):
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (male):
Countries with increasing tobacco smoking prevalence:
A
(1) WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco use 2000-2025, third edition. (2019). World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/who-global-report-on-trends-in-prevalence-of-tobacco-use-2000-2025-third-edition. (2) Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Ed.). (2019). World Population Prospects 2019 (Online Edition Rev. 1.; Population Division). United Nations. https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/
B
WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2017, Country profiles http://www.who.int/tobacco/surveillance/policy/country_profile/en/
1
These rates are modelled using all national survey data published since 1990 to estimate the underlying prevalence trends by sex, then applying age-standardization to allow comparison with other countries. They do not necessarily resemble country data from 2015

Smoking-related mortality

Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
A
The Tobacco Atlas. Available at: https://tobaccoatlas.org/topic/deaths/ Data source: GBD 2016 Risk Factors Collaborators.

Nicotine Vaping Devices (E-cigarettes) in Indonesia

A 2010 law banning the import, sale, possession, and use of e-cigarettes was widely flouted, and vaping was reportedly thriving, with a "Vape store on every corner". In 2017, the Indonesian government decided to allow the use of e-cigarettes, and regularise the trade of e-cigarettes using a licensing system, product standards and taxation. E-liquids are classified as tobacco products and devices for vaping are classified as consumer products. The government took a decision to impose an excise tax of 57% on e-cigarettes and other tobacco products (E-cigarettes/Vape liquid/heated tobacco products) – this was delayed until October 1st 2018,.. Government officials have been overt in their motivation for higher taxes, stating it would protect tobacco farmers, encourage traditional cigarette smoking (kreteks) and deter vaping. Kreteks are the preferred form of cigarettes in Indonesia, making up around 95% of all cigarettes smoked.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
A
widgets blur_circular
Regulated as consumer product:
Yes
A
Regulated as tobacco product:
Yes
A
Other options for purchasing - where bans in place:
0.00
A
A
Data cross-referenced where possible using the following sources :1. Vapetrotter website. Available at: https://www.vapetrotter.com/laws/ ; 2. Global tobacco control website. Available at:https://www.globaltobaccocontrol.org/node/14052 ; 3. Tobacco Control Laws website. Available at : https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/ ; 4. Personal communication from country experts.

Availability

Legal to sell device:
Yes
Legal to sell nicotine:
Yes
Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes
healing

Snus in Indonesia

There are no comments specific to snus in Indonesia in the database.

Heated Tobacco Products in Indonesia

There are no comments specific to heated tobacco products in Indonesia in the database.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
No specific law
A
filter_drama widgets
A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system

Availability

Products are marketed:
No
A
healing
A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system

Nicotine Replacement Therapy in Indonesia

There are no comments specific to nicotine replacement therapy in Indonesia in the database.

Availability

Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes
A
filter_drama
Products are marketed:
Yes
A
blur_circular
Place available:
Pharmacy
A
A
WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2019. https://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/en/ (2019).