France

France - country profile

Cigarettes in France

The prevalence of current smokers in the general population in France was 3% higher in 2017 (at 36%) than it was in 2006. Prevalence has fluctuated during this period. These data come from the Eurobarometer surveys, the most recent of which was carried out in 2017. In the most recent survey a total of 27,901 respondents from different social and demographic groups were interviewed face-to-face at home, in their mother tongue, across all 28 of the EU countries. The sample for each country is representative, however the sample sizes are relatively small (e.g. most countries had just over 1000 participants, but for Italy, Malta and Lithuania the sample was around 500). Nevertheless, the Eurobarometer surveys are useful as they have estimates for smoking prevalence collected over a number of years which can show trends, as described here.

Tobacco smoking prevalence

Number of current smokers:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence:
34.6%
A
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Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (female):
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (male):
A
(1) WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco use 2000-2025, third edition. (2019). World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/who-global-report-on-trends-in-prevalence-of-tobacco-use-2000-2025-third-edition. (2) Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Ed.). (2019). World Population Prospects 2019 (Online Edition Rev. 1.; Population Division). United Nations. https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/

Smoking-related mortality

Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
A
The Tobacco Atlas. Available at: https://tobaccoatlas.org/topic/deaths/ Data source: GBD 2016 Risk Factors Collaborators.

Nicotine Vaping Devices (E-cigarettes) in France

France abides by the EU Tobacco Products Directive (TPD) (2014). E-cigarettes may be brought to market either as medicines, or as consumer products. No products have yet been licensed as a medicinal product. As consumer products, e-cigarettes are regulated by the decree of 19 May 2016 on vapor products containing nicotine. French interpretation of the TPD is that the limit on tank size only applies to pre-loaded tanks as in pods and cigalikes. As consumer products, e-cigarettes cannot be sold in pharmacies. Cross-border sales of e-cigarettes are legal. Advertising is not allowed including on billboards, TV, radio or shopfronts: it is allowed only inside shops. Since 2017, vaping has been prohibited in educational institutions, on public transport and in open plan offices, although vaping is legal in bars and restaurants. People who flout the bans can be fined between €35 and €150. E-cigarettes are not included in the General Tax Code and there is no excise tax on e-liquids.

Prevalence

Adult current e-cigarette vaping prevalence:
4.0%
1
A
smoking_rooms
Ever tried e-cigarette vaping:
A
1. European Commission (2017). Special Eurobarometer 458: Attitudes of Europeans towards tobacco and electronic cigarettes Available at: http://data.europa.eu/euodp/en/data/dataset/S2146_87_1_458_ENG ; 2. Pasquereau, A. et al, (2018) La consommation de tabac en France: premiers r�sultats du barometre sant� 2017. Bull �pid�miol hebd, 2018: p. 14-15.
1
Eurobarometer data provides a representative sample of ~28,000 respondents and estimates the prevalence of vaping for the EU overall, as well as per country. The survey was conducted in March 2017. Covers 28 European Union (EU) countries. Total sample N = 27901, aged 15 and over. nb In country survey using 2017 Health Barometer data shows a significant difference in 'ever tried' vaping (41.7%) Ref: Pasquereau et al (2018)

Product promotion

Health claims allowed:
No
Advertising is regulated:
Yes
1
1
Allowed or banned at place of sale or allowed or banned in all media.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
A
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Regulated as consumer product:
Yes
A
Regulated as medicinal product:
Yes
A
Regulated as tobacco product:
Yes
A
A
Data cross-referenced where possible using the following sources :1. Vapetrotter website. Available at: https://www.vapetrotter.com/laws/ ; 2. Global tobacco control website. Available at:https://www.globaltobaccocontrol.org/node/14052 ; 3. Tobacco Control Laws website. Available at : https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/

Availability

Legal to buy device online - personal use:
Yes
Legal to buy nicotine online - personal use:
Yes
Legal to import device - trade:
Yes
Legal to import nicotine - trade:
Yes
Legal to sell device:
Yes
Legal to sell nicotine:
Yes
Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes
healing

Regulations and restrictions

Notifications of new products required:
Yes
Child and tamperproof containers required:
Yes
Health warning on packaging required:
Yes
Minimum age restrictions on sales:
Yes
18 years
A
Restrictions on nicotine content:
Yes
Legal restrictions on use in public places:
Yes
Restrictions on tank size:
Yes
A
https://ec.europa.eu/health/tobacco/products/revision_en

Perception of harm

Don't know:
Not harmful, or less harmful than cigarettes:
Harmful, or more harmful than cigarettes:
A
Reference: European Commission (2017). Special Eurobarometer 458: Attitudes of Europeans towards tobacco and electronic cigarettes Available at: http://data.europa.eu/euodp/en/data/dataset/S2146_87_1_458_ENG
1
Question asked in this survey did not compare harmfulness with cigarettes. The question used was 'Do you think they are harmful to the health of people who use them?' 62% - YES, 21% - NO, 17% DON'T KNOW

Snus in France

There are no comments specific to snus in France in the database.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Banned
A
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A
Tobacco Tactics website available at: http://tobaccotactics.org/index.php/Snus:_EU_Ban_on_Snus_Sales

Availability

Legal to import product for trade:
No
Legal to import product for personal use:
Yes
Legal to buy product online:
No
Legal to use product:
Yes

Heated Tobacco Products in France

In France, Article 19 of the EU Tobacco Products Directive, covering novel tobacco products, covers heated tobacco products. Regulations cover reporting, notifications and health warning labels. In addition, France taxes heated tobacco products under the classification “Autres tabacs à fumer” (“Other smoking tobacco products”).

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
1
A
filter_drama widgets
A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system
1
IQOS

Availability

Products are marketed:
Yes
1
A
healing
A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system
1
IQOS

Nicotine Replacement Therapy in France

There are no comments specific to nicotine replacement therapy in France in the database.

Product promotion

Market size:
125.00 million €
A
Market size per smoker:
A
Consumer Health: Euromonitor from trade sources/national statistics. Date Exported: 8/9/2019. (c) Euromonitor International 2019

Availability

Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes
A
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Products are marketed:
Yes
A
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Place available:
Pharmacy
A
A
WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2019. https://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/en/ (2019).