Ethiopia

Ethiopia - country profile

Cigarettes in Ethiopia

Current smoking prevalence has decreased only slightly for both men and women in Ethiopia according to WHO trend data. The overall prevalence of current smoking has remained at around 4.4% since 2000, and is projected to stay at around 4% until 2025. For men, smoking prevalence has remained at around 8% and is projected to remain at that level; similarly, women’ smoking prevalence was just over 0.5% in 2000, and is projected to decrease to just under 0.3% over the same period. The WHO published prevalence trend estimates in tobacco smoking, as shown here, in their 2018 2nd edition report, which show slightly different smoking prevalence to the WHO country profiles. Data for the estimates are not age standardised, and were obtained from WHO databases. The trend lines are projections, not predictions, of future attainment. A projection indicates a likely endpoint if the country maintains its tobacco control efforts at the same level that it has implemented them to date. Therefore the impact of recent interventions could alter the expected endpoint shown in the projection. While the methods of estimation used in the first and second editions of the WHO report are the same, the volume of data available for the second edition is larger i.e. 200 more national surveys. The results presented are therefore more robust.

Tobacco smoking prevalence

Number of current smokers:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (female):
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (male):
A
(1) WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco use 2000-2025, third edition. (2019). World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/who-global-report-on-trends-in-prevalence-of-tobacco-use-2000-2025-third-edition. (2) Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Ed.). (2019). World Population Prospects 2019 (Online Edition Rev. 1.; Population Division). United Nations. https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/

Smoking-related mortality

Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
A
The Tobacco Atlas. Available at: https://tobaccoatlas.org/topic/deaths/ Data source: GBD 2016 Risk Factors Collaborators.

Nicotine Vaping Devices (E-cigarettes) in Ethiopia

According to the WHO there is a nationwide ban on the importation of e-cigarettes and e-liquids in Ethiopia. There are sub-national bans on smoking in all public places, which also apply to e-cigarettes. In-country experts advise that the sale of e-cigarettes is not in fact banned, however a recent ruling in February 2019 stated that the minimum age for e-cigarette sales is 21, as part of Proclamation 1112/2019 from the Federal Negarit Gazette of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.

Prevalence

Ever tried e-cigarette vaping:
A
Global Adult Tobacco Survey, 2016. Available at:https://nccd.cdc.gov/GTSSDataSurveyResources/Ancillary/DataReports.aspx?CAID=1
1
In Ethiopia, GATS was implemented in 2016 as a national household survey among persons 15 years of age or older. A multi-stage, geographically clustered sample design was used to produce nationally representative data. There were 10,150 completed individual interviews.

Product promotion

Health claims allowed:
No
Ban on all advertising:
Yes
1
Advertising is regulated:
Yes
2
1
Banned at place of sale and banned in all media.
2
Allowed or banned at place of sale or allowed or banned in all media.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Banned
A
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Regulated as consumer product:
No
A
Regulated as medicinal product:
No
A
Regulated as tobacco product:
No
A
A
Data cross-referenced where possible using the following sources :1. Vapetrotter website. Available at: https://www.vapetrotter.com/laws/ ; 2. Global tobacco control website. Available at:https://www.globaltobaccocontrol.org/node/14052 ; 3. Tobacco Control Laws website. Available at : https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/country/ethiopia/summary

Availability

Legal to import device - trade:
No
Legal to import nicotine - trade:
No
Legal to sell device:
No
Legal to sell nicotine:
No
Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes

Regulations and restrictions

Minimum age restrictions on sales:
Legal restrictions on use in public places:
Yes

Snus in Ethiopia

There are no comments specific to snus in Ethiopia in the database.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
A
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A
Information obtained from industry source (2014 data)

Availability

Legal to use product:
Yes

Heated Tobacco Products in Ethiopia

There are no comments specific to heated tobacco products in Ethiopia in the database.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Banned
A
filter_drama widgets
A
Personal communication, Andrew Zaman, External Affairs, Philip Morris International

Availability

Products are marketed:
Yes
1
A
A
Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system
1
In February 2019 Sales to anyone under 21 were banned by the Government

Nicotine Replacement Therapy in Ethiopia

There are no comments specific to nicotine replacement therapy in Ethiopia in the database.