Cyprus abides by the EU Tobacco Products Directive (TPD) (2014). Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes are regulated by the Law on Health Protection (Tobacco Control Law) of 2017, and the Health Protection (Tobacco Control) Regulations of 2017. There are restrictions on e-cigarette use in public areas, and e-cigarettes cannot be used in private vehicles where a pregnant woman or a minor under 18 years is present. Businesses and individuals who breach vaping restriction rules can be fined up to €850 . Only vape shops are exempt from vaping restrictions. E-cigarette advertising and promotion of e-cigarette products, free giveaways, the sale of e-cigarettes from vending machines, and cross-border sales are all banned.