Canada

Canada - country profile

Cigarettes in Canada

The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) reports a decline in overall daily and occasional smoking prevalence from 17.7% in 2015 to 16.2% in 2017. In 2017 across all age groups, smoking was found to be least common among youth aged 12 to 17 (3.5% prevalence). The CCHS covers the population 12 years of age and over living in the ten provinces and the three territories, with a sample size of 65,000. WHO figures for the general population differ, and show a reduction in overall smoking prevalence from 28% in 2000 to 14% in 2015, and a projection to decrease to 9% by 2025. The WHO published prevalence trend estimates in tobacco smoking, as shown here, in their 2018 2nd edition report, which show slightly different smoking prevalence to the WHO country profiles. Data for the estimates are not age standardised, and were obtained from WHO databases. The trend lines are projections, not predictions, of future attainment. A projection indicates a likely endpoint if the country maintains its tobacco control efforts at the same level that it has implemented them to date. Therefore the impact of recent interventions could alter the expected endpoint shown in the projection. While the methods of estimation used in the first and second editions of the WHO report are the same, the volume of data available for the second edition is larger i.e. 200 more national surveys. The results presented are therefore more robust than in the first edition.

Tobacco smoking prevalence

Number of current smokers:
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence:
13.0%
A
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Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (female):
Adult current tobacco smoking prevalence (male):
A
(1) WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco use 2000-2025, third edition. (2019). World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/who-global-report-on-trends-in-prevalence-of-tobacco-use-2000-2025-third-edition. (2) Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Ed.). (2019). World Population Prospects 2019 (Online Edition Rev. 1.; Population Division). United Nations. https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/

Smoking-related mortality

Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual number of deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking:
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (female):
Annual percentage of all deaths attributable to tobacco smoking (male):
A
The Tobacco Atlas. Available at: https://tobaccoatlas.org/topic/deaths/ Data source: GBD 2016 Risk Factors Collaborators.

Nicotine Vaping Devices (E-cigarettes) in Canada

The Tobacco and Vaping Products Act (TVPA) became law on May 23rd 2018, and came into force in November 2018, providing a legal framework for governing vaping products. Adults can legally acquire vaping products containing nicotine as a less harmful option than smoking. Vaping products which do not make health claims are covered by the Canada Consumer Product Safety Act, which regulates ingredients, labelling and packaging etc. Unfortunately, not making 'health claims' means manufacturers are not able to inform customers about the lower risk levels of vaping compared to smoking. E-cigarettes can, technically, be classified as a medicinal product under the Food and Drugs Act (FDA) if health claims are made, but to date no e-cigarettes have been granted FDA approval. States also have their own legislations, which vary, and which cover restrictions on sales to minors, where you can vape, and promotional restrictions. In January 2019, the Canadian government published health education messages about the comparative relative risks of vaping.

Prevalence

Adult current e-cigarette vaping prevalence:
2.0%
1
A
smoking_rooms
Ever tried e-cigarette vaping:
A
Reid J L. Rynard V L. Czoli C D. Hammond D.(2015). Who is using e-cigarette in Canada? Nationally representative data on the prevalence of e-cigarette use among Canadians. Preventative medicine. 81. 180-183.
1
The report by Reid et al. examined prevalence and correlates of e-cigarette use in the Canadian population, using data from the nationally representative 2013 Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey (n = 14,565). Sociodemographic correlates of e-cigarette use (ever, and in the past 30 days) were examined using logistic regression models. Data is from people aged 15 and over.
2
*The report by Reid et al. examined prevalence and correlates of e-cigarette use in the Canadian population, using data from the nationally representative 2013 Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey (n = 14,565). Sociodemographic correlates of e-cigarette use (ever, and in the past 30 days) were examined using logistic regression models. Data is from people aged 15 and over.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
A
widgets
Regulated as consumer product:
Yes
A
Regulated as medicinal product:
Yes
A
Regulated as tobacco product:
Yes
A
A
Data cross-referenced where possible using the following sources :1. Vapetrotter website. Available at: https://www.vapetrotter.com/laws/ ; 2. Global tobacco control website. Available at:https://www.globaltobaccocontrol.org/node/14052 ; 3. Tobacco Control Laws website. Available at : https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/

Availability

Legal to buy device online - personal use:
Yes
Legal to buy nicotine online - personal use:
Yes
Legal to sell device:
Yes
Legal to sell nicotine:
Yes
Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes
healing

Regulations and restrictions

Minimum age restrictions on sales:
Legal restrictions on use in public places:
Yes

Snus in Canada

There are no comments specific to snus in Canada in the database.

Regulation

Regulatory status:
Allowed
A
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A
Information obtained from industry source (2014 data)

Availability

Legal to use product:
Yes

Heated Tobacco Products in Canada

There are no comments specific to heated tobacco products in Canada in the database.

Availability

Products are marketed:
Yes
1
A
healing
A
1. Philip Morris International website. Available at: https://www.pmi.com/smoke-free-products/iqos-our-tobacco-heating-system; 2. WHO (2018) Heated tobacco products (Htps) market monitoring information sheet. Available at: https://www.who.int/tobacco/publications/prod_regulation/htps-marketing-monitoring/en/ ; 3. Industry contact provided information 4. BAT Harm Reduction Report 2018. Available at: https://www.bat.com/group/sites/uk__9d9kcy.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO9DCL3P
1
1. IQOS; 2. glo; 3. Ploom tech

Nicotine Replacement Therapy in Canada

There are no comments specific to nicotine replacement therapy in Canada in the database.

Product promotion

Market size:
104.40 million €
A
Market size per smoker:
A
Consumer Health: Euromonitor from trade sources/national statistics. Date Exported: 8/9/2019. (c) Euromonitor International 2019

Availability

Legal to purchase without prescription:
Yes
A
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Products are marketed:
Yes
A
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Place available:
Pharmacy
A
A
WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2019. https://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/en/ (2019).