23.8% of the adult population are current smokers

There are approximately 17.5 million current smokers in Vietnam

47.3% of men are current smokers but only 1.2% of women

Quick links to detailed datasheets for Vietnam
Country profile
Data sourced: 2022.   Page updated: 2023-10-10

Smoking in Vietnam

There has been a slight downwards trend in current smoking prevalence in the general population in Vietnam. Smoking prevalence was 24% overall in 2000 and declined to 23.5% in 2015, with a further drop to under 23% projected by 2025. The prevalence for men remains high, but has decreased from 48% in 2000 to 47% in 2015, with a further decrease to 46% projected by 2025. Women’s smoking prevalence was very low at 1.6% in 2000, dropping slightly to 1% in 2015, and is projected to decrease to under 1% by 2025. The WHO published prevalence trend estimates in tobacco smoking, as shown here, in their 2018 2nd edition report, which show slightly different smoking prevalence to the WHO country profiles. Data for the estimates were obtained from WHO databases. The trend lines are projections, not predictions, of future attainment. A projection indicates a likely endpoint if the country maintains its tobacco control efforts at the same level that it has implemented them to date. Therefore the impact of recent interventions could alter the expected endpoint shown in the projection. While the methods of estimation used in the first and second editions of the WHO report are the same, the volume of data available for the second edition is larger i.e. 200 more national surveys. The results presented are therefore more robust.



In Vietnam, 134354 people die each year due to tobacco smoking.

Nicotine Vaping Devices

in Vietnam

E-cigarettes are classified as tobacco products - therefore the relevant law covering e-cigarettes is Law (QH13) on prevention and control of tobacco harms (2012). E-cigarettes are reportedly widely available in the larger towns. Smoking & vaping are prohibited in public spaces and on public transport, with the exception of designated smoking areas.

Heated Tobacco Products

in Vietnam

You can't advertise HTP in Vietnam.

Nicotine Replacement Therapy

in Vietnam

In Vietnam is legal to purchase nicotine without prescription to using NRT. Advertising NRT is allowed. You can buy NRT in Pharmacy.


in Vietnam

There is no information about using snus


in Vietnam

Pouches are allowed.

The GSTHR database is updated regularly by our team. However, please be aware that the information we provide does not constitute legal advice. We cannot guarantee that the information is up to date or accurate, as the regulatory status of different product categories can change at short notice and with little publicity. If you wish to check the legal status of use or possession of any safer nicotine product in a specific country or region, you should verify the information independently. If you have reason to think that the information supplied on the GSTHR is inaccurate, please contact us with details and any references and we will rectify any errors.